Is Intelligence Related to Depression?

Intelligence has many definitions but it is generally considered as the cognitive ability involved in adaptability to a new environment, capacity of learning, knowledge and reasoning, ability to evaluate, judge and perceive analogies, capacity for original and productive thought and the ability to comprehend relationships…etc. Simply put, it is an intellectual ability significantly higher than average which helps one to perform better on a multitude of things. 

Having the upper hand in intelligence may give you many advantages, but is IQ correlated with level of risk for developing depression? 

Many people think so and there are many reasons for this:
Intelligence/Intelligent/Intelligent people = IN

-           IN comes with a tendency to over think which can cause mental imbalances and difficulty in keeping a mental calm.

-           Because being IN is being excessively aware of things, more IN can sense more things that don't seem quite right.

-           IN has difficulty finding people who have similar thought processes. They find it difficult to find people of their level with whom they can freely talk to. They are disconnected from others on a mental level and this makes them a bit unstable.

-           Finding happiness is small things may be hard in IN. While other people enjoy by entertaining themselves through popular media, IN usually do not find anything interesting in it.

-           IN has a tendency of setting their goals too high in life. While one may achieve the mental capacities required to achieve that goal, other unexpected environmental factors can keep them from it. 

-           IN has a tendency to be different and unique in their philosophy of life, making them slightly more prone to psychological disorders. Some develop what is known as “existential depression”, which comes about from pondering some of life’s big questions concerning death, one’s purpose in life, why we exist, etc.

-           IN may not allow itself to disagree with negative thoughts as it may cause cognitive dissonance.

Research has shown some relation between intelligence and depression. While there are different theories given, intelligence is definitely not the single cause for depression as there are many other factors that are associated with depression. 

Darwin, who gave the cell theory considered depression as a clarifying force. He said depression helps mind to focus on the most important problems. Randolph Nesse, a scientist at the University of Michigan, say that complex psychiatric disorders like depression do not have much simple evolutionary explanations. Andrews and Thomson says that depression is a fever which helps our body to fight against any infection, but Nesse says a more accurate metaphor is chronic pain, which can arise due to innumerable causes. “Sometimes, the pain is going to have an organic source,” he says. “Maybe you’ve slipped a disc or pinched a nerve, in which case you’ve got to solve that underlying problem. But much of the time there is no origin for the pain. The pain itself is the dysfunction.” Andrews and Thomson respond to such criticisms by acknowledging that depression is a vast continuum, a catch-all term for a spectrum of symptoms.

Conclusion: You may read in the newspaper, magazines, books about disasters, different diseases, horrible wars and many other such things taking place every day. These catastrophes cause depression in everybody’s mind. However, many people do not make themselves slaves to the worldly calamities and they fight with these activities rather boldly and feel better. When a person knows how to deal with such things, he is called to be emotionally intelligent, which is also a part of the overall intelligence of a person. People who are highly emotionally intelligent are less depressive as compare to people who are less emotionally intelligent. Low emotional intelligence leads to depressive and sad state of mind whereas highly emotional intelligent state of mind gives rise to contentment.

In the end, I would like to mention that the goal here is “peace”, like the peace of mind, with happiness only being when appropriate. And it comes to those who embrace the simplicity of life.

P.S.: Overthinking Does Not Relate To Intelligence.